Efficient Vineyard: Vineyard Efficiency through High-Resolution, Spatio-Temporal Crop Load Measurement and Management

Lead Authors: Drs. Terry Bates and George Cantor, Cornell & Carnegie-Mellon Universities

Grant Amount - NGRA Funded pilot project 2010-2015; SCRI for $6.2 million over 4 years, through 2019

Under the direction of Dr. Terry Bates (Cornell) and Dr. Stephen Nuske (Carnegie Mellon), the top-priority Efficient Vineyard project seeks to develop sensor and mechanization technology to measure crop load and assess canopy with real-time imaging to enhance our ability to achieve vine balance and eventually develop tools for precision viticultural practices. Through NGRA, the industry committed over $995,000 for proof of concept work from 2011 through 2015, then extended through 2019.  In the first few years of this proof of concept work, Bates and Nuske have taken a stepwise approach in developing, deploying, and integrating proximal soil, canopy, and novel crop sensors to collect spatial information in research and commercial vineyards. Early efforts focused on validating canopy and yield monitor sensor data with manual vine measurements and developing an image analysis system for non-destructive fruit detection and measurement. In 2015, the research team deployed soil, canopy, and crop sensors in five commercial test vineyards spanning wine, table, and juice production. Data from multiple layers are now being evaluated further to understand spatial relationships and develop intra-vineyard management classifications. The purpose of this work is to allow producers to develop (spatial) data driven management decisions.

For complete information and project news visit www.efficientvineyard.com.

Theme Committee Assignment
Production Efficiency
Grant Type
NGRA Funded
Grant Amount / Funding Year
Lead Author
Dr. Terry Bates & Dr. Stephen Nuske
Lead Institution
Cornell & Carnegie Mellon Universities
Grant Period
4 Years
$'s Per Year